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Full Summary of JAMB New Novel (Book) “InDependence” For 2019/2020 UTME

NOTE: Unfortunately JAMB will not be using InDependence by SARAH LADIPO MANYINKA as the 2019 UTME Novel, but the newly introduced novel Sweet Sixteen by Bolaji Abdullahi will be used instead.
Candidates are to note that irrespective of their choice of course of study, they will also be tested on a general text: Sweet Sixteen by Bolaji Abdullahi for 2019 UTME.
Summary of InDependence – This is the full summary of the 2019/2020 Joint Admission And Matriculation Board (JAMB) UTME Novel.

Summary of InDependence

We bring to you the Summary of InDependence the Joint Admission And Matriculation Board (JAMB) UTME New Novel for all candidates willing to write the 2018 – 2019 UTME exams.

Please be aware that studying this novel could be very obligatory for candidates who’re getting ready for Joint Admission & Matriculation Examination (JAMB), 2018 Examination.

Though you may learn the short summary of the novel however we are going to recommend you to make sure that you learn this complete abstract as this may make it easier a lot in your exam.

Summary of InDependence by SARAH LADIPO MANYINKA


(1) The creator ORIGIN
Sarah Ladipo was born and raised in Nigeria (NG). She has additionally lived in Kenya , France, and England. Her father is Nigerian and her mom is British. Sarah inherited her maiden title (Ladipo) from her father who was born in Ibadan (South West Nigeria) within the late 1930s. Sarah’s father met and married her mom within the UK within the late 1960s. She spent a lot of her childhood in Lagos and town of Jos in Plateau State. As a younger teenager, Sarah lived for two years in Nairobi, Kenya, earlier than her household moved to the UK.

(2) The creator EDUCATIONAL background
She studied on the Universities of Birmingham (UK), Bordeaux (France), and Berkeley (California).

(3) The creator FAMILY life
She married in Harare, Zimbabwe, in 1994 and now divides her time between San Francisco (the place she teaches literature at San Francisco State College), London and Harare.

(4) The creator NOVEL
Her writing contains revealed essays, educational papers, e-book critiques and quick tales. Sarah’s first novel, In Dependence, was revealed by Legend Press in 2008. Her quick story “Mr Wonder” appeared within the 2008 assortment Girls Writing Zimbabwe.

Sarah’s novel In Dependence was chosen by the UK’s largest bookstore chain as its featured e-book for Black Historical past Month. In 2009, In Dependence, was revealed by Cassava Republic, a literary press based mostly in Abuja, Nigeria, with a secure of authors that features Teju Cole and Helon Habila.

“InDependence” was revealed within the UK in 2008, in Nigeria in 2009 and within the US in 2011. It’s Sarah Ladipo Manyika’s first novel.

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The novel begins within the early 1960s when Tayo Ajayi meets Vanessa Richardson, the gorgeous daughter of an ex-colonial officer. Their story, which spans three continents and 4 turbulent a long time, is that of a courageous however bittersweet love affair. It’s the story of people struggling to search out their place inside unsure political instances – a narrative of ardour and idealism, braveness and betrayal.

In Dependence will be described as a love story. However it’s greater than that. It traces the trajectory of Nigeria’s political historical past; the navy coups, the dangerous and treacherous management, and its renewed tentative steps in direction of democracy.

It speaks to the demise – within the 1980s – of Nigeria’s worldwide status and the nation’s quickly destabilizing actuality. It seems to be on the poor whose state of affairs by no means improved however really worsened.

Utilizing occasions in Tayo’s life, it describes the consequences of misrule on the nation’s universities and the following huge mind drain that Africa skilled.

Sarah Manyika achieves all this with a voice and an outlook that’s really genuine and goal.

The creator captures the temper and really feel of totally different a long time and the three continents – Africa, Europe and America – that function settings for the story. Its scope is huge and sweeping.

Tayo Ajayi, a Nigerian, and Vanessa Richardson, an English lady, had their affair boiling when it began, however as circumstances have been meant to intervene, the connection went sore and it appeared nothing may ever carry them collectively.

The e-book (In dependence) has characters that behaved in like-patterns, like within the case of Tayo’s pal, Yusuf, who had dated tons of white English women.

He (Yusuf) ended up marrying a Nigerian Lady as predicted (Yusuf knew what he needed and appeared to get it).

Tayo additionally ended up the identical method in as a lot as his affair with Vanessa Richardson had been gleaming, though he had been out of the error of getting a younger lady (Miriam) pregnant.
And speaking of sample, the novel’s (In dependence) starting had opened up introducing Tayo’s affair with Christine, a Nigerian Igbo woman. One would suppose that Manyika needed to finish Tayo’s relationship with Christine for the sake of bringing in Vanessa into Tayo’s life, however nonetheless, Tayo needed to find yourself marrying Miriam. And nonetheless the wedding failed, giving in to the acquainted sample.


Miriam in Manyika’s novel (In dependence) represented the breeds of the Nigerians that may all the time run away to reside overseas because of the collapsing picture of their dwelling nation.

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Miriam went away together with her daughter leaving Tayo behind. In as a lot as she persuaded Tayo, he wouldn’t go. She didn’t like an inconveniencing life. She needed the perfect life for her daughter.

Tayo, on the opposite facet represented the crude breeds of Nigerians that felt dwelling was dwelling despite the fact that the nation was boiling in corruption. In as a lot because the failure of the nation stared firmly at his face with daggers, he selected to remain.

In direction of the late pages of the novel he needed to depart the nation underneath threatening circumstances towards his life from the ruling navy regime.

The complete novel is informed from the great days of Nigeria’s independence down into the nineties. I applaud Manyika’s ink, right here. In as a lot because the setting of this novel floated by way of England, Senegal, USA, and France, she was ready to make use of her third eye to attract out Nigeria’s journey into the more serious lanes of corruption, and hopelessness.

Religion is one other situation that Manyika (In dependence) handled. It didn’t matter to her if one was a Muslim or Christian.
Studying by way of this novel, one couldn’t inform if Tayo got here from a Muslim or Christian household however we did know he embraced extra of the Christian religion. She didn’t level out the difficulties of inter-religious marriages within the novel (In dependence), however centred extra on the difficulties of interracial marriage.

Throughout Tayo’s life as an element time lecturer in Sans Francisco, the creator used a scene to unbolt some deeper points of racism.

She identified the racist ties between the African American and the pure African. These points she raised apply in all places even inside Nigerians.

A Yoruba would check with an Igbo as a grasping cash monger and doubtful monster, and in flip the Igbo would check with the Yoruba as a unclean, loquacious and silly character who spend all he earns on events and alcohol. It needed to be understood that racism was one these existences that may reside for a very long time so far as misunderstanding between folks existed.

I captured traces which are coated with humour on this novel, however might be referred to as racial remarks. Younger black Yusuf got here clear in his dialog with Tayo. He mentioned white ladies have been for intercourse treats whereas black ladies have been for respectable relationships that would result in marriage. He added white lady regarded so previous when she turned thirty.
The worst racist on this e-book (In dependence) is Vanessa’s father who was a one time colonial grasp in Nigeria earlier than 1960.

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He was towards Tayo marrying his daughter, and had refused to just accept Vanessa’s adopted half-cast son. He appeared extra racial towards half-casts earlier within the novel (In dependence) confronting Tayo about his fears for a half-cast grandchild. It was later understood that his hatred for the blacks was consequently of an affair his spouse had with a black man through the colonial period.

Manyika, whose image reveals she is probably half-cast, was capable of make a degree right here. She drew a distinction between being black and being a half-cast (brown). This could have been fairly a storm for her to jot down about as a result of of the racial wind towards the brown folks residing in whitely dominated areas. In distinction to a pure black nation, half-casts are seen lovely which Manyika didn’t level out. In reality within the black continent, the standard black man could really feel inferior to a half-cast.

Manyika was additionally capable of painting the polemic assault Nigerians obtain from all over the world nowadays. She didn’t carry this to print however the picture was represented, and I needed to determine it out. I can say it clouds across the ache felt every time an IELTS or TOEFL examination is required earlier than a Nigerian may research overseas. This doesn’t exclude a masters’ diploma. Does the world suppose Nigerians converse Latin or Greek or some sort of language referred to as ‘Nigerian’?
‘I said I haven’t heard you converse Nigerian,’ Joyce says.

Joyce is one of Manyika’s English characters. And I like the way in which Yusuf replies this. ‘Nobody speaks Nigerian, you daft thing,’.
A coincidence on this novel which I refuse to just accept was the scene during which Vanessa had simply come throughout one of her finest music, Hugh Maskela, a music that reminded her of Nelson Mandela and on the same day, not even up to two hours if I could rightly predict, her white husband is presenting her with ‘Long Walk to Freedom’, Nelson Mandela’s biography.

What a coincidence! I additionally don’t embrace the truth that Manyika noticed hope for Nigeria by way of the eyes of Tayo solely when Abacha died. There are nonetheless Abacha loyalists in Nigeria as we speak who will discover this offending. She ought to have saved the road in a riddle.

Vanessa did meet with Tayo on the finish of the novel, nevertheless it was laborious to foretell if in any respect a love relationship was ignited between them. Vanessa was nonetheless married, however Tayo wasn’t. Manyika maintained a non-adulterous plight between the 2 right here. The happy-ending-formula which most romance writers adapt was by some means blurring within the novel.


See Possible Questions From JAMB 2018 UTME New Novel “In Dependence”



  1. Naza

    April 13, 2019 at 7:19 am

    Independence is d JAMB recommended text for Literature 2019

  2. Oluchukwu Ughagwu

    March 15, 2018 at 3:32 am

    too many inconsistent words which made the write up not make a lot of sense. Improve your writing skills please. You can write a good essay with simple English.

  3. david ikpowosa

    March 12, 2018 at 10:38 am

    thanks for the short summary atleast it will help

  4. peaceful Amaobi

    March 9, 2018 at 1:58 pm

    indeed nice but……..the novel is quite long and with the big big grammers…please how is suleiman related to venessa

  5. Anonymous

    March 8, 2018 at 4:23 pm

    waw…its really cool en well broken to my understanding..i appreciate da effort of da writer!

  6. ebi okoro ebi

    April 24, 2017 at 8:50 pm

    Enter your comment…nice job..

  7. Ugochukwu Obika

    April 18, 2017 at 10:39 am

    The post is quite useful. However, there are innumerable inconsistencies in the use of words that I can hardly grasp the meaning of the whole write-up.Anyways, I appreciate your effort.

  8. Ugochukwu Obika

    April 18, 2017 at 9:16 am

    The post is quite useful. However, there are innumerable inconsistencies in the use of words that I can hardly grasp the meaning of the whole write-up.Anyways, I appreciate your effort.

    • Terkuma John

      April 18, 2017 at 9:37 am

      Thanks Obika, We will improve

    • Anonymous

      May 11, 2017 at 5:06 pm

      i cant really say its much helpful because it wasnt well broken down to our aid …nevertheless,well conceived though..i bet one cant read this without a dictionary by his side….so brain boosted man!!!

    • Terkuma John

      May 11, 2017 at 5:33 pm

      Lol, Ok we will make it simple next time

  9. CHris

    April 3, 2017 at 2:51 pm


  10. Anonymous

    March 20, 2017 at 12:51 pm

    Thanks for your useful posts..

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